E cigarettes are battery powered cylinders that heat up nicotine infused liquids to create vapor. The e cigarette smoker inhales some of these devices even mimic a cigarette with a glowing light at the tip and then puffs out a white mist.

The proposed FDA rules focus, rightly, on two areas

&bull Children. The FDA proposes to ban the sale of e smokes to anyone under age 18, which is already the law in Illinois.

&bull Public awareness. E cigarette manufacturers would be required to divulge the ingredients in their products. That will help researchers and potential smokers to better understand the risks e cigarettes pose to health.

The scientific debate is still simmering about the dangers of e cigarettes. Unlike traditional cigarettes, e smokes do not contain tobacco or some of the other harmful chemicals proven to cause cancer. So e cigs may be less harmful that traditional cigarettes, and could help smokers trying to quit.

But there is mounting evidence that electronic cigarettes pose significant health risks. One recent, preliminary study concluded that the nicotine laced vapor “promoted the development of cancer in certain types of human cells much in the same way that tobacco smoke does,” The New York Times reported. Another study found chemicals such as formaldehyde and acetone in exhaled e cig vapor.

Meanwhile, more young people are being drawn to the product. The National Youth Tobacco Survey found last year that 1 in 10 high schoolers had tried “vaping,” as it is known. That was double the number in the previous year. That number is likely rising, to the alarm of public health experts who say the dangers of e cigarettes are still far from established.

The FDA is currently funding dozens of studies on the scientific and public health risks of e cigarettes, Mitch Zeller, director of the FDA’s Center for Tobacco Products, told reporters Thursday. “We don’t know enough now to say anything remotely definitive” about those risks, he said. “We can’t even tell you what the compounds are in the vapors.”

That will likely change through the FDA proposal to require manufacturers to divulge ingredients and provide scientific evidence to substantiate claims that e cigs are safer than regular the FDA proposal, e cigarettes would carry a warning label, just as regular cigarettes do.

Another important question to be answered Are e cigarettes a gateway to tobacco use? Some manufacturers target young people by marketing e cigarettes in fruit and candy flavors. A recently released congressional report on e cigarette marketing found that major producers target young people by, for instance, giving away free samples at music and sporting events. The FDA ruling would ban the distribution of free samples, but would allow makers to continue their advertising and market as they see fit.

The FDA is taking a sound approach with its focus on curtailing e cigarette sales to youngsters, warning adults about the dangers, and promoting more research. Illinois, as noted above, has set a ban on sales to people under 18. In Chicago, e cigarettes will be outlawed in all smoke free environments, just as regular cigarettes are, starting Tuesday.

Meat, dairy may be as detrimental to your health as smoking cigarettes, study says – cbs news

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Eating a diet heavy on meat and cheese may be as harmful to you as smoking a cigarette, researchers claim.

A new study, published in Cell Metabolism on March 4, shows that middle aged people who eat a diet high in animal proteins from milk, meat and cheese are more likely to die of cancer than someone who eats a low protein diet. The research also showed the people who ate lots of meat and dairy were more likely to die at an earlier age.

Play Video Health Lots of meat, dairy as bad as smoking Study

Daily health headlines A diet high in animal proteins linked to early death, hospitals doling out too many antibiotics, plus fruits and veggies …

“There’s a misconception that because we all eat, understanding nutrition is simple. But the question is not whether a certain diet allows you to do well for three days, but can it help you survive to be 100?” study co author Valter Longo, Edna M. Jones professor of biogerontology at the USC Davis School of Gerontology and director of the USC Longevity Institute in Los Angeles, said in a press release.

Longo had previously done research on a protein that controls a growth hormone called IGF I, which aids in body growth. Very high levels of IGF I have been associated with an increased cancer risk.

People produce less of the growth hormone after the age of 65, at which time they become frailer and lose muscle. While eating a diet high in animal proteins has been frowned upon during middle age, some studies have encouraged older adults to chow down on meats and cheeses because it makes them less likely to develop disease.

In his previous work, Longo had looked at a group of short Ecuadorian people who rarely developed diabetes or cancer. They had a genetic mutation that lowered their levels IGF I, which also kept them under 5 feet tall.

For the new study, researchers looked at 6,318 adults over the age of 50. On average, about 16 percent of their total daily calories came from protein. Two thirds of that amount was from animal protein.

The team divided the group into high, moderate and low protein diet eaters. Protein could come from plant or animal sources. High protein diets were made up of at least 20 percent protein. Moderate protein eaters consumed 10 to 19 percent of their daily calories from protein. Low protein diets consisted of less than 10 percent of daily calories from protein.

People who ate high protein diets were 74 percent more likely to die before the end of the study than those who ate low protein diets. Decreasing protein consumption from moderate to low levels reduced early mortality risk by 21 percent.

The team found that plant based proteins were not as detrimental to health as animal based proteins.

A smaller subsection of the sample group 2,253 people had their IGF I levels recorded. They found that those who consumed the highest levels of animal proteins were four times more likely to die of cancer than those who had low protein diets. That increased rate was similar to the cancer risk between smokers and non smokers. Moderate protein consumers were three times more likely to die from cancer.

“Almost everyone is going to have a cancer cell or pre cancer cell in them at some point. The question is Does it progress?” Longo said. “Turns out one of the major factors in determining if it does is protein intake.”

Another study in the same issue showed mice who were on a low protein diet for two months were less likely to get cancer than those who were on a high protein diet. If they did, they had 45 percent smaller tumors.

“We have shown explicitly why it is that calories aren’t all the same we need to look at where the calories come from and how they interact,” senior author Steve Simpson, a researcher at the University of Sydney’s Charles Perkins Centre, said in a press release. “This research has enormous implications for how much food we eat, our body fat, our heart and metabolic health, and ultimately the duration of our lives.”

Gunter Kuhnle, a food nutrition scientist at the University of Reading in the U.K., warned that it was dangerous to say protein consumption was as dangerous as lighting a cigarette.

“Sending out statements such as this can damage the effectiveness of important public health messages,” he told the Guardian. “They can help to prevent sound health advice from getting through to the general public. The smoker thinks ‘why bother quitting smoking if my cheese and ham sandwich is just as bad for me?'”